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Important Current Affairs of 7th August


Former External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj passed away

• Former External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj, 67 years old, passed away on 6th August. She suffered a cardiac arrest and passed away at AIIMS. She underwent a kidney transplant in 2016.

Sushma Swaraj Career:

Sushma Swaraj was educated at Sanatan Dharma College in Ambala Cantonment. She earned a bachelor's degree with majors in Sanskrit and Political Science. She studied law at Punjab University, Chandigarh.

Political Career:

Swaraj's political career started at her age of 25 in 1977. She became the youngest cabinet minister in Haryana in 1977. She served as the 5th Chief Minister of Delhi from 13th October to 3rd December 1998. She was a seven-time Member of Parliament. She served as MLA for three terms.

• Sushma Swaraj won from Vidisha constituency in Madhya Pradesh for a second term in 2014. Swaraj took charge as Foreign Minister on 26th May, 2014. After Indira Gandhi, she was the second woman to hold the External Affairs Ministry. She was popularly known as the People’s Minister. She introduced a new sensitivity and sensibility in the functioning of the External Affairs Ministry.

President Ram Nath Kovind gives assent to the abrogation of article of Jammu and Kashmir

• President Ram Nath Kovind gave his assent to the abrogation of Article 370.It will now revoke the special status to Jammu and Kashmir. The resolution to revoke Article 370 was passed by Lok Sabha on 6 August. It was passed by Rajya Sabha on 5th August.

The notice issued by the President said that as from 6th August, 2019, all clauses mentioned in Article 370.

• President's approval notification:

President approved the Bill in exercise of the power conferred by clause (3) of article 370 read with (1) of article 370 of the Constitution of India. The notification also said that all provisions of this Constitution, as amended from time to time, without any modifications or exceptions, shall apply to the State of J&K. It will not not with stand anything contrary contained in article 152 or article 308 or any other article of the Constitution or any other provision of the Constitution of J&K or any law, document, judgement, ordinance, order, by-law, rule, or agreement as envisaged under article 363 or otherwise.

India's Naaz Joshi won Miss World Diversity 2019

• Naaz Joshi made the country proud with a third successive victory in the beauty pageant Miss World Diversity.  She competed against 14 other international contestants in Mauritius.

She dressed up in blue lehenga and choli and portrayed herself as the powerful Indian Goddess, who stands for 'shakti' - the feminine source of power and women empowerment.

She is a resident of Malviya Nagar, New Delhi. She was sent to her relative's house in Mumbai.

Rajasthan passes bill against honour killing

• Rajasthan State Legislative Assembly passed the Rajasthan Prohibition of Interference with the Freedom of Matrimonial Alliances in the Name of Honour and Tradition Bill, 2019 on 5th August. The Bill was introduced by the Parliamentary Affairs Minister Shanti Dhariwal. The Bill aims to curb incidents of honour killing in the State.

Provisions of the Bill:

♦ The Bill provides punishment of life imprisonment or death penalty for murdering couples in the name of family honour

♦ If the community or family cause death of a couple or either of them, on the grounds of dishonour or disrepute to the caste, community or family will be punished with death or life imprisonment and a penalty of maximum Rs.5 Lakh

♦ If the couple is grievously hurt, the community or the family will be punished with 10 years of rigorous imprisonment for life with a penalty of maximum Rs.3 lakh

♦ Incase of simple injuries, the community or the family will be punished with 3-5 years of imprisonment with a penalty of maximum Rs.2 lakh

♦ The Bill also said that the District or Sub Divisional Magistrate shall receive information or request from any person who seeks protection from any unlawful assembly or person who objects lawful marriage

♦ The Bill also says that a group can not assemble with an intention to  condemn any lawful marriage in the name of vindicating the honour of family, caste or community. Participating in such groups directly or indirectly will be punished with maximum 5 years of imprisonment and a penalty of maximum Rs.1 lakh.


National Handloom Day is observed on 7th August

The National Handloom Day is observed on 7th August every year. To mark the occasion, the nation holds a function at Vigyan Bhawan in New Delhi. The function will be presided by the Union Minister of Textiles and Women and Child Development, Smriti Zubin Irani. The Day is observed at Weavers’ Service Centres in different States.

Odisha's rich tradition:

The main events are to be held in Bhubaneswar, Odisha. Bhubaneswar has been chosen for its rich tradition of Handlooms.


The Day aims to honour the Indian handloom weavers and also highlight India's handloom industry. It also aims to empower women and girls as they are the majority total weavers population of India. The day focuses on the contribution of handloom to the socio economic development of the country. It seeks to increase the income of weavers.


Bangladesh signed an agreement with Russia for uranium supply

• Bangladesh signed a nuclear fuel supply agreement with Russia for the uranium supply of the Rooppur Nuclear Power Plant (RNPP). The deal was signed between the Bangladesh Atomic Energy Commission and Russian Nuclear Fuel Supply Company TVEL in Dhaka.

• Signed by: BAEC Chairman Mahbubul Haque and the Russian firm’s commercial director and Fedor Sokolov signed the agreement in the presence of Science and Technology Minister Yeafesh Osman.

The project was approved by the Cabinet Division's Economic Affairs Committee. The agreement says that the TVEL Joint Stock Company will supply fuel for the entire lifetime of the 2,400 MW RNPP project.

About the Project:

The project duration of RNP will be  believed to 50 years. The fuel will be supplied to the country’s maiden nuclear power plant at Rooppur under Ishwardi upazila in Pabna. The first unit of the RNPP is expected to come into operation by 2022 and the second unit will be established by 2024. The cost estimated by the Bangladesh government is $12.65 billion.

Fiona Kolbinger first woman to win km cycling race

• German cancer researcher Fiona Kolbinger won the mixed annual 4,000km(2,485 miles) cycling Transcontinental Race from Burgas in Bulgaria. She becomes the first woman to win one of the world’s toughest cycling races.

• She took 10 days, 2 hours and 48 minutes to complete the challenge .It includes about 40,000 metres (131,000ft) of climbing.

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Important Current Affairs 6th August 2019


Lok Sabha gives nod to legislation that bans commercial surrogacy.

• Lok Sabha passed the Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019, which seeks to ban commercial surrogacy and allows only close relatives of infertile couples to volunteer for “ethical altruistic" reasons.

The bill and it is unfortunate that the country had emerged as a hub of commercial surrogacy in recent years. During the discussion on the bill.There are 2,000-3000 surrogacy clinics running illegally in India and a few thousand foreign couples resort to surrogacy practice within India, and the whole issue is thoroughly unregulated.

The concerning unethical practices, abandonment of children born out of surrogacy and exploitation of surrogate mothers.The minister cited the 228th report of the Law Commission recommended that the government enact a legislation to ensure that commercial surrogacy is banned in this country and there is only restrictive surrogacy.

Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill, 2019,

The bill also aims to constitute surrogacy boards at the national and state levels. The bill aims to allow ethical altruistic surrogacy for infertile Indian married couples, within the age group of 23-50 and 26-55 years for females and males, respectively. The bill, which was passed by a voice vote, also prohibits the sale and purchase of human embryos and gametes. The government has claimed that it will also prevent exploitation of surrogate mothers and children born through surrogacy.India emerged as a commercial destination for foreigners seeking surrogate mothers. There have been reports on unethical practices, exploitation of surrogate mothers, abandonment of children born out of surrogacy, and rackets involving intermediaries importing human embryos and gametes.Women’s rights activists have supported the passage of the bill.

Rajasthan passed bill against anti lynching.

• The Rajasthan State Legislative Assembly passed the Rajasthan Protection from Lynching Bill, 2019. The Parliamentary Affairs Minister Shanti Dhariwal introduced the Bill in the State Assembly. The Bill aims to provide stricter punishment to curb such Lynching incidents.

• Rajasthan is now the second State to have a dedicated law criminalising mob lynching as a special offence. The first state to have such law in addition to other offences under the Indian Penal Code (IPC) is Manipur.

• SC's recommendation:

• The Bill was introduced after the recommendation by the Supreme Court in authorising the setting up of special courts, appointment of a dedicated nodal officer, and stipulating enhanced punishments.

• The bill not only criminalises the acts of lynching but also provides legal aid, relief, compensation and rehabilitation.

• Definition of Lynching as per the Bill:

• Any act or series of acts of violence whether spontaneous or planned, by a mob on the grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth, language, dietary practices, sexual orientation, political affiliation and ethnicity falls under the category Lynching.

• Provisions of the Bill:

• ♦ Bill makes the Mob Lynching offence cognizable, non-bailable and non-compoundable offences.

• ♦ It gives a punishment of life imprisonment and a penalty from Rs.1 lakh to Rs.5 lakh to those convicted in cases of mob lynching leading to victim's death.

• ♦ After 2014, 86% of mob lynching cases that were reported in the country are from Rajasthan. The Bill was proposed after considering peace in the state.

RS passed Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill.

• The Rajya Sabha cleared the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill 2019 on 6 August. Union Home Minister Amit Shah presented the Bill after abrogation of the special status granted to J&K. The upper house also adopted resolutions to repeal Article 370 and Article 35A in J&K.

The Bill has been moved for consideration and passage in Lok Sabha on August 6, 2019. The lower house will also take up the Jammu and Kashmir Reservation Bill 2019.

Provisions of the Bill:

♦ The Bill proposed the bifurcation of the state of Jammu and Kashmir into two Union Territories namely Ladakh and Jammu-Kashmir.

♦ The bill has a  provision of 10% reservation for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) among the general category (the upper caste).

Lok Sabha passes Transgender Persons Bill.

• The Lok Sabha on Monday passed the Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2019 which aims for social, economic and educational empowerment of transgender persons, by a voice vote. The bill has scrapped provisions that criminalise begging by transgenders. As per the bill, a transgender is someone whose gender doesn't match with the gender assigned at birth.

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Important Current Affairs 5th August


Centre moves J&K Reorganisation Bill 2019, a resolution to revoke Article 370 of Jammu and Kashmir

• The Government of India announced repealing Article 370 and introduced the Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill, 2019 in the Rajya Sabha on 5 August.

This will now repeal special status to Jammu and Kashmir. The resolutoin was passed by Home Minister Amit Shah in the upper house. The aborgation of Article 370 will make J&K an integral part of India.

• What is Article 370?

Article 370 was introduced in 1947 by Sheikh Abdullah the Prime Minister of Jammu & Kashmir

Article 370 of the Indian constitution gives autonomous status to the state of Jammu and Kashmir. The article is drafted as Temporary, Transitional and Special Provisions in Part XXI of the Constitution. The Indian Constitution still describes it as a temporary provision.

Article 370 provided six special provisions for Jammu and Kashmir:

1) The State is allowed to have its own Constitution.

2) The Central legislative powers over the State were limited to the three subjects of defence, foreign affairs and communications.

3) Only with the concurrence of the State Government, other constitutional powers of Indian Government could be extended to the State.

4) The concurrence was only provisional. The State's Constituent Assembly should ratify the provision.

5) Until the State Constituent Assembly was formed, the State Government was given authority to give concurrence. Once the State Constituent Assembly finalised the scheme of powers and dispersed, no further extension of powers was possible.

6) Only if the State's Constituent Assembly approves the Article 370, it could be repealed or amended.

Under Article 370, the Centre has no power to declare financial emergency under Article 360 in the state. It can declare an emergency in the state only in case of war or external aggression

• What's next?

After the repealing of Article 370, the government should get back the Pakistan occupied Kashmir (PoK). It is now expected that the Pakistan Prime Minister Imran Khan would return the land taken illegally from India.

Gujarat government launched Vhali Dikri Yojna

• Gujarat Chief Minister Vijay Rupanilaunched the ‘Vhali Dikri Yojna’ from his hometown Rajkot, Gujarat. The scheme is introduced for the welfare of the girl child. The meaning of this scheme is Dear Daughter Scheme.

• The main details about this scheme is stated before. Vahali Dikri Yojana is launched to improve the sex ratio of girl child in the State. The successful implementation of this scheme State government allocated a budget of Rs 133 Crore.

• According to the scheme State Government will pay Rs. 4,000 to every girl child at the time of admission to Standard 4th, Rs. 6,000. There will be a time of taking admission to Standard IX, Rs. 1-lakh at the time of taking admission for higher education at the age of 18 at the time of marriage. It is a statewide cash incentive scheme for every girl child born in Gujarat.

DRDO successfully test fired QRSAM Missile

• The Defence Research Development Organisation (DRDO) successfully test-fired an indigenously developed Quick Reaction Surface to Air Missile (QRSAM) from a mobile truck-based launch unit from the Integrated Test Range (ITR) in Chandipur, Odisha. It is an all-weather and all-terrain missile type.

QRSAM missile has been developed for the Army. The entire mission was tracked by various electro-optical tracking systems, radar systems and telemetry systems.


QRSAM is equipped with electronic counter measures against jamming by aircraft radars. The missile uses solid-fuel propellant. It has a range of 25-30 km.  The test flights had successfully demonstrated various parameters like aerodynamics, propulsion, structural performance.The missile was developed as part of Integrated Guided-Missile Development Programme (IGMDP) other than Nag, Agni, Trishul, Prithvi missiles.

• QRSAM has been developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)in cooperation with Bharat Electronics Limited and Bharat Dynamics Limited.

Previously, the first trial of  QRSAM Missile was conducted on June 4, 2017. The Second missile test was conducted in May 2019 in odisha coast.


Malaysia seizes $240 million from Chinese state firm's bank account

• Malaysia seized more than 1 billion ringgit ($243.25 million) from a bank account of state-owned China Petroleum Pipeline Engineering Ltd (CPP), The seizure comes nearly a year after Malaysia suspended two pipeline projects, valued at $2.3 billion, on which CPP was the lead contractor.

• The Malaysian government ordered HSBC to transfer the funds held in the Chinese firm’s account to Suria Strategic Energy Resources.CPP was perplexed by the unilateral transfer of funds out of its account without notification, the firm, a unit of state energy giant China National Petroleum CorpCPP won a contract from the government of former prime minister Najib Razak to build a petroleum pipeline stretching 600 km (373 miles) along the west coast of peninsular Malaysia and a 662-km (411-mile) gas pipeline in Sabah. The projects were suspended last July by Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad, who unexpectedly defeated Najib in the 2018 election.


State Bank of India and Shanghai becomes first Indian bank to link up with CNAPS

• State Bank of India's Shanghai branch linked to China's National Advanced Payment System (CNAPS). It is the first Indian Bank to operationalize it. The CNAPS, launched in 2008 by the People's Bank of China (PBOC) provides real-time settlement services for all payments cleared in China.

• The CNAPS system is complemented by its international counterpart, the CIPS (China International Payments System or Cross-Border Interbank Payment System) launched in 2015

• Main Aim: To boosting international use of the Chinese currency, yuan. The participants from multiple countries across the globe participated.


President Ram Nath Kovind was awarded the National order of Merit

• President Ram Nath Kovind was awarded the National order of Merit by the President of Guinea on 3rd August. This is the highest award Republic of Guinea by African government.

He was honoured for his exceptional contribution to the advancement of overall relations and development of mutual cooperationbetween India and Guinea. It also recognised his efforts for promoting friendship and partnership between the people of both the countries.

• President's Visit to Guinea:

During his visit to Guinea, President Ram Nath Kovind signed 3 MoUs between India and Africa. The agreements aimed cooperation in the Field of Traditional System of Medicine, e Vidhya bharati, e Aarogya Bharati Network Project and Renewal Energy.

Both countries also agreed on sign in  the need for reform of the UN Security Council to make it reflective of contemporary realities. The leaders expressed their deep concern over the rise of extremism and terrorism around the world in the meeting. The  President also announced a new Line of Credit of US$ 170 million for Water Supply Project of Conakry city.


Lovlina Borgohain Won Gold In Umakhanov Memorial International Boxing Tournament

• Lovlina Borgohain won gold at the Magomed Salam Umakhanov Memorial International Boxing Tournament 2019.The event held at Kaspiysk, Russia.The Golaghat district of Assam, Lovlina faced Assunta Canfora of Italy in the finals.Govind Sahani (49Kg) and Jony (60Kg) grabbed bronze medals after their semi-final losses.

• Assunta Canfora at the India Open final, World Championships bronze medallist, Lovlina (69kg) was better prepared this time to tackle the wily Italian. India Open silver and a bronze from the Strandja Cup, Lovlina's efforts and dedication have been rewarded with her first international gold medal of the year.

• India Open gold-medallist champion Neeraj (57kg) in the semi-finals by stunning former world champion Alessia Mesiano 3-2, continued her impeccable form in the summit clash against Russia's Malika Shakhidova. The two judges' points being drawn at 28-28, the Strandja Cup bronze medallist Neeraj Lovlina and Neeraj in their respective finals India failed to register a flawless day as Gaurav

• Solanki succumbed to a 0-5 defeat to Uzbekistan's Abdulkhay Sharakhmatov. The Commonwealth Games gold medallist was unable to judge his opponent's pace and power.

Lewis Hamilton won Hungarian Grand Prix

• Formula One Mercedes driver Lewis Hamilton won the Hungarian Grand Prix .He defeated Max Verstappen for a record-extending seventh time .He won 62 points clear in the championship.

• Lewis Hamilton

He is a British racing driver races in Formula One for Mercedes-AMG Petronas Motorsport. He is one of the greatest drivers in the history of the sport.

• Hungarian Grand Prix

It is is a motor race held annually in Mogyorod, Hungary.

Most win: United Kingdom Lewis Hamilton.

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Important Current Affairs 4th August


ICMR introduces new TB vaccines VPM and Immuvac.

• The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) launched a trial for two new TB vaccines. This is India’s first large-scale trial. This is a large preventive TB vaccine trial. The initiative involves more than 12,000 healthy household contacts of newly diagnosed TB patients from across six states of India are set to be enrolled.

Two thousand participants from each of the six states including Delhi, Maharashtra, Odisha, Telangana and Karnataka will enroll over the next seven to eight months. Also, seven main centres will have six sub-sites, where these trials will be conducted.

Two new vaccines:

The two new TB vaccines that are introduced by ICMR are:

♦ Immuvac manufactured by Cadila Pharmaceuticals

♦ VPM 1002 manufactured by Institute of India, Pune

The medicines are to be tested with three testing phases. Based on the results the Union Ministry of Health and Family Welfare will decide and set the price of the vaccines.

Reason for ICMR's new TB vaccines:

To treat TB multi-drug course that usually spans six months is usuallu involved. Scientists from ICMR suggested that new TB vaccines other than BCG (Bacille Calmette-Guerin), which is 100 years old, is needed to treat TB as it has been partially effective in protecting infants and young children and it provides poor protection against pulmonary disease in adolescents and adults.

TB in India:

Data from Ministry of Health and Family Welfare’s Central TB division said that the TB incidence in India has touched almost 2.8 million every year along with drug-resistant TB incidence at 1,47,000 annually. It also said that around 27% of the world’s TB incidences are from India. It has marked the highest share at a global level. In 2017, the Centre vowed to eliminate TB by the year 2025.

NITI Aayog approves JV to acquire minerals needed for Electric Vehicles.

• NITI Aayog has approved the proposal for joint venture between National Aluminium Company (Nalco), Hindustan Copper (HCL) and Mineral Exploration Corporation Ltd. and foreign companies. The plan is to acquire foreign reserves of strategic minerals like lithium and cobalt to power the country's electric vehicles has moved a step closer. Therefore, the three state-owned metal and mining companies are set to form a joint venture to buy on minerals.

• Aim:

• India has set a target to achieve an all-electric vehicle fleet by 2030. The Union Ministry of Mines has already directed three state-owned companies to aggressively look for reserves of lithium and cobalt mines.

• To attain the target, mining companies like Nalco, HCL and MECL have partnered with a German consultancy for the project. This partnership is to guide them on prospective reserves and also  foreign government rules and regulations. Discussions are on, to achieve India's target on cobalt and lithium mines as soon .

• Note: Argentina, Bolivia and Chile are the countries which have the best reserves of lithium and cobalt in the world.

• Uses: Lithium, and cobalt are used to manufacture batteries for electric vehicles in addition to other minerals like tungsten, nickel and rare earths.


Lewis Hamilton wins his seventh Hungarian Grand Prix.

• Mercedes' Lewis Hamilton won his record-extending seventh Hungarian Grand Prix in the Hungaroring on Sunday. With the win, Hamilton moves to within 10 race wins of Michael Schumacher's all-time Formula One victory record of 91. Red Bull's Max Verstappen finished second while Ferrari's Sebastian Vettel was placed third. Hamilton now has 250 points in the drivers' standings.


Rohit Sharma surpasses Virat Kohli to shatter massive T20I record.

• India vice-captain Rohit Sharma surpassed skipper Virat Kohli to create a massive T20I record in the 2nd T20I against West Indies at Lauderhill in Florida on Sunday

• The right-handed batsman scored a half century in 40 balls after Kohli won the toss and elected to bat. In doing so, Sharma became the player with to have the most number of scores above 50 in the shortest format.

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Important Current Affairs 3rd August


CRISIL cuts India s GDP growth to for FY on weak monsoon rains muted corporate results.

• Credit rating agency CRISIL lowered Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth forecast for India by 20 basis points to 6.9 percent for this fiscal citing weak monsoon and slowing global growth.

The GDP data for the first quarter taken into account for powering India's growth estimates. 

The development came days after the International Monetary Fund (IMF) cut India's growth by 30 basis points for the calendar years 2019 and 2020 to 7 per cent and 7.2 per cent respectively.

The global analytical firm, in its latest report on the outlook for India in the financial year 2019 titled 'Uphill trek', the slowdown would be pronounced in the first half.

The agricultural terms of trade are also expected to improve with a pick-up in food inflation, adding that farmers would benefit from income transfer of Rs 6,000 per year announced by the Centre.

The sops announced so far might not be enough to pitchfork growth in this fiscal to, or above, the past 14-year average of 7 percent per annum.


It is a global analytical company providing ratings, research, and risk and policy advisory services. The majority shareholder is Standard & Poor's, a division of McGraw Hill Financial and provider of financial market intelligence.

Founded: 1987

Headquarters: Mumbai, Maharashtra

LS passed the Dam Safety Bill.

• The Lok Sabha passed the Dam Safety Bill, 2019. The Bill aims to provide an uniform safety procedures for the specified 5,600 dams in the country. It will also enhance the security of citizens. The introduction of the Bill will not take away the rights of the States.

The Bill was introduced in 2010. It was opposed in various edition in the State and has never been successfully passed until now.

Provisions of the Bill:

The bill stressed the establishment of the National Dam Safety Authority as a regulatory body. The regulator will implement the policy, guidelines, and standards on dam safety in the country.

It also entails the setting up of State committee on dam safety and State Dam Safety Organisation. It will be manned by officers from the field dam safety.

The Bill will set up a national committee on dam safety. It will be set up to introduce safety policies and recommend necessary regulations.

Steps taken by Centre for Dam safety:

As several dams does not have the emergency action plan, the government has provide safety measures to around 180 dams.

For example, Centre has alloted Rs.600 crore to repair the gates of Hirakud dam. Centre has also taken efforts to change the gates of Farakka barrage. 80% of the work had been completed so far.

West Bengal launches awareness campaign Save Green Stay Clean.

• West Bengal government launched an awareness campaign named ‘Save Green, Stay Clean’ for preserving the greenery and keeping the environment clean in the state. The campaign launched State Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee in Kolkata. The campaign was launched on August 1, 2019. The state will also observe this day every year. It also plans to distribute more than 1 lakhs saplings throughout the state for spreading of greenery.

West Government

Government of West Bengal known as the State Government of West Bengal. It is the supreme governing authority of the Indian state of West Bengal and its 23 districts. It consists of an executive, led by the Governor of West Bengal, a judiciary and a legislative.


US officially withdraws from INF treaty.

• The US has officially withdrawn from the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF) treaty with Russia. The withdrawal has ended a Cold war-era missile treaty with Russia. This could start an arms race between the US and Russia, the world’s top two nuclear powers.


The US accused Russia of violating the INF treaty's agreement in recent years. The withdrawal announcement was made by the US President Donald Trump. Both the countries signed a deal to put  a way to improve relations toward the end of the Cold War.

During the Obama administration in 2014, Russia was accused of violating the agreement by testing a cruise missile in direct violation of the accord. In turn, Russia also said that the US has violated the agreement too. The US has denied the accusation.

Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF):

INF treaty is a Nuclear disarmament type of agreement. It was signed on December 1987 in Washington D.C. The agreements was signed by the U.S. President Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev, the Soviet General Secretary with an Unlimited duration.The agreement prohibits both the countries from fielding ground-launched cruise missiles that could fly between 310 and 3,400 miles. The treaty has been extremely successful in the destruction of a total of 2,692 missiles.

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Important Current Affairs of 2nd 2019 August


India drops to 7th largest economy in 2018, UK and France overtake.

• India's economy has been pushed to the seventh spot in GDP rankings in 2018 with the UK and France overtaking the country, the latest World Bank data showed. India's GDP was $2.73 trillion while that of UK was $2.83 trillion and France was $2.77 trillion. India had surpassed France and then the UK in 2017 to become the fifth-largest economy.

PM chaired the th PRAGATI interaction.

• Prime Minister Narendra Modi headed the 30th PRAGATI platform interaction. PRAGATI is the Information and communications technology (ICT)- based, multi-modal platform for Pro-Active Governance and Timely Implementation. This is the first PRAGATI interaction of the new government.

In the session, Narendra Modi reviewed the progress in the resolution of grievances under Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana (Urban). He urged to achieve the government's objective of providing 'Housing for All by 2022'. He also suggested further improvements under the Ayushmann Bharat Scheme.

He reviewed the progress of eight important infrastructure projects in the railway and road sectors spread over several states including Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Himachal Pradesh and Gujarat.


RBI relaxes ECB norms.

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has further relaxed the norms related to external commercial borrowing (ECB). It loosened the end-use restrictions with regard to working capital, general corporate purpose and repayment of rupee loans. The move comes  after RBI received feedback from stakeholders.

♦ As per the relaxation, all the eligible borrowers are allowed to raise following ECBs from recognised lenders with a minimum average maturity period of 10 years for working capital purposes and general corporate purposes. The foreign branches and overseas subsidiaries of Indian banks are exempted.

♦ It also permits borrowing for on-lending by NBFCs for the above maturity and end-uses.

♦ Borrowers are allowed to raise ECBs with a minimum average maturity period of 7 years for repayment of rupee loans that can be availed domestically for capital expenditure.

Ministry of Finance to conduct Indias first national Time Release Study for efficient trade flow.

• The Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance plans to conduct India’s first national Time Release Study (TRS) between 1st and 7th August, 2019. The study is a part of the department's strategic commitment to improve the global trade.

Time Release Study (TRS):

The TRS is an internationally recognized tool to measure the efficiency of the international trade flows. It is advocated by the World Customs Organization.


The exercise aims to identify and remove the obstacles that are present in the trade flow. The exercise will benefit from the export oriented industry and the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME). 


The national TRS will establish baseline performance measurement. It will also standardize the operations and procedures across all ports. The Ministry will conduct the exercise across 15 ports, including sea, air, land and dry ports at the same time. The ports cumulatively account for 81% of total Bills of Entries for import and 67% of Shipping Bills for export filed within India.

Depending on the results of the TRS, government agencies associated with cross border trade will diagnose the existing and potential bottlenecks that are barriers to the free flow of trade. The government will take remedial actions for reducing the cargo release time.


Cognizant’s Debashis becomes Mindtree’s 3rd CEO in its 20-yr history.

• IT services firm Mindtree on Friday named Debashis Chatterjee as its new Managing Director and CEO. Chatterjee, who previously led the digital systems and technology practice at Cognizant, will become Mindtree's third CEO in its two-decade existence. He replaces Rostow Ravanan, who quit along with Chairman Krishnakumar Natarajan and Vice Chairman NS Parthasarathy after L&T's hostile takeover

Mohapatra takes charge as DG of India Meteorological Department.

• Mrutyunjay Mohapatra, 54, took charge as the Director General (DG) of India Meteorological Department (IMD), New Delhi. He was appointed as DG by the Ministry of Personnel on 4 June 2019. He will replace K.J. Ramesh, who headed the weather department for over three years. IMD is to request the government to bring new technology for the weather forecasting and provide accurate information of weather.

Mrutyunjay Mohapatra:

• Mohapatra is Odisha-born scientist. He is the first Odia to reach at the top position in IMD. He has led the effective early warning systems for cyclones, including Phailin, Hudhud, Vardah, Titli, Sagar, Mekunu and Fani.

• India Meteorological Department:

• Formed on: 1875

• Headquarters: New Delhi

• Functions under: Ministry of Earth Sciences

• Minister responsible: Dr. Harsh Vardhan

• Director General: Mrutyunjay Mohapatra

• The IMD is responsible for the weather and climate-related forecasts in the country. It is also mandated to issue warning to people about severe weather phenomenon.


India-born doctor Bhasha Mukherjee crowned Miss England 2019.

• India-born doctor Bhasha Mukherjee was crowned Miss England 2019 on Thursday at a ceremony in Newcastle. The 23-year-old moved to England with her parents at the age of nine and settled in Derby. Mukherjee holds two different medical degrees, one in medical sciences and the other in medicine and surgery.

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Important Current Affairs 1st August 2019


Lok Sabha Clears Bill For Speedy Eviction Of Illegal Occupants From Government Houses.

• Lok Sabha passed a bill which seeks to crack down on unauthorized occupants of government residential accommodations. Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorised Occupants) Amendment Bill 2019 Minister of Housing and Urban Affairs proposed amendments would enable the estate officer to apply summary proceedings for eviction unauthorized occupants from residential accommodations and to levy damage charges for accommodation held during the period of litigation. The bill was passed by the Lower House. There is 15,416 residential accommodation under the government quota.

The proposed amendments would enable the estate officer to apply summary proceedings for eviction unauthorized occupants from residential accommodations and to levy damage charges for accommodation held during the period of litigation.

Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorised Occupants) Amendment Bill 2019 - History

Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorised Occupants) Amendment Bill 2019 introduced by the Minister of Housing and Urban Affairs Mr. Hardeep Singh Puri, in Lok Sabha on July 8, 2019. The Bill amends the Public Premises (Eviction of Unauthorised Occupants) Act, 1971.  The Act provides for the eviction of unauthorized occupants from public premises in certain cases.  The Bill defines ‘residential accommodation occupation’ as the occupation of public premises by a person for such an occupation.  The license must be given for a fixed tenure for the period the person holds office.   The Bill adds a provision laying down the procedure for eviction from residential accommodation.  It requires an estate officer (an officer of the central government) to issue a written notice to a person if he is in unauthorized occupation of residential accommodation.  The person fails to comply with the order, the estate officer may evict such person from the residential accommodation, and take possession of it.

Government aims to enrol million workers under PM pension scheme.

• Union government enrol around 150 million workers over the next three years under the scheme Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maan-dhan (PM-SYM). The pension scheme will benefit a large pool of people who earn less but form a large part of the labour market. The National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government is targeting the bottom of the pyramid through various policy interventions, realising that they are a significant political constituency.

Pradhan Mantri Shram Yogi Maan-dhan (PM-SYM) Scheme

The government is likely to achieve the 150 million number over the next two to three years. The total enrolment, 50-60 million workers will be from the construction sector.The government announced the scheme in February 2019 interim budget, promising to provide pension of ₹3,000 per month. There is a monthly contribution till the age of 60 years to get an assured pension of ₹3,000 every month.The 18-year-old starts out by paying ₹55 per month, which moves up to ₹80 at the age of 25, and ₹105, ₹150 and ₹200 for those aged 30, 35 and 40, respectively. When a regular contributor dies before the age of 60, the spouse will be entitled to join and continue the scheme by regular contribution or exit the scheme. Around 8% of the labour market are formal sector employees and social security benefits, including provident funds, pensions available.

Tarun Chaudhri becomes first IAF pilot to complete wingsuit skydive jump.

• Indian Air Force (IAF) Wing Commander Tarun Chaudhri became the first pilot to perform a wingsuit skydive jump. He jumped 8500 feet from the Mi-17 V5 helicopter at Air Force Station in Jodhpur, Rajasthan. This is the first time when a pilot of the IAF jumped the wingsuit skydive with the same helicopter, which he has just flown. It is a military transport variant, equipped with modern avionics and glass cockpit instrumentation. The rotary-wing aircraft has state-of-the-art navigational equipment, avionics, weather radar.

Kargil Vijay Diwas is celebrated on 26 July every year is celebrated in honor of the Kargil War’s Heroes. The Kargil war fought between India and Pakistan for more than 60 days. The event ended on 26 July 1999. India successfully took command of the high outposts which had been lost to Pakistani intruders.


India signs deal to acquire R Missiles from Russia.

• India signed a deal worth Rs 1500 crore to buy R-27 air-to-air missiles from Russia.

The main objective of this deal is to boost the capabilities of Indian Air Force (IAF) R-27 air-to-air missiles will be equipped on the Su-30MKI fighter jets.

R-27 Missile

It is a medium-range air-to-air missile. It is initially developed for MiG and Sukhoi fighter jets. They developed these missiles to add the capability to the Sukhoi and MiG warfare aircraft. Indian Air Force signed Rs 7600 crore deals in the past two months.The actual design of R-27 missile was started in 1962 while its production was started in 1986. More than 25 countries are taking services of this missile.R-27 missile can destroy air targets even in adverse weather conditions. The length of the missile is 4 meter and the diameter is 0.23 meter. The weight of the missile is 253 kilograms.There are six extended versions - R-27ER1, R-27R1, R-27ET1, R-27T1, R-27EP1, and R-27P1.

The government gave emergency purchasing powers to all three military services. Indian army can buy whatever warfare equipment is important to safeguard our borders. The powers given to security forces within three months at a cost up to Rs 300 crore.


Ruhan Rajput honoured with Entrepreneur of the Year Award.

• Ruhan Rajput co-founder and Director of Einfolge Technologies Pvt Ltd was awarded the prestigious Entrepreneur Award 2019. The event was held at the JW Marriot Hotel, New Delhi.

He won the award on 18 July in the category of 'Entrepreneur of the Year in Service Business. Ruhan was acknowledged for his contributions and achievements in the business industry.

Einfolge Technologies Pvt Ltd

Einfolge Technologies Pvt Ltd is one of the leading players in the knowledge process outsourcing (KPO) industry. The company operates to provide comprehensive research, analysis, and expert solutions. Entrepreneur India, America's number one business magazine along with Franchise India hosted the event from 17th July to 18th July. The inspiration behind the event is to bring leading entrepreneurs, start-ups, sme, investors, global luminaries; Indian government officials etc under one roof and acknowledge them for their milestones. They are the real heroes who work day and night to make this company great and achieve new heights.

Ruhan Rajput excels as an actor and model in Bollywood. He made a debut in the film industry with Pravat Rout's film, 'Prarabdh', followed by three music albums: 'Mohabataiyan', 'Khidki ka Parda' and 'Saiyan Re'.He was starred in 'Dil Mera' produced by Zee Music Company He is currently working on a music album with Arman Malik.       

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Important Current Affairs 31st July


Rajya Sabha passed the triple talaq Muslim Women Protection of Rights on Marriage Bill

• The Rajya Sabhapassed the triple talaq Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Bill, 2019.The bill makes the declaration of triple talaq means the police can arrest an accused without a warrant.

• It is the government's attempt to protect the rights of married Muslim women.

• Provisions of the Bill:The Bill makes the instant triple talaq a criminal offence. It provides a jail term to a Muslim man for the crime that prohibits divorce by pronouncing talaq thrice in one go.If the woman misuses the law, the man should have the right to appeal.

Rajya Sabha passed the IBC amendment Bill

• The Rajya Sabhaapproved the amendments to the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC). Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Bill, 2019provides clarity about preference to secured lenders over operational creditors.

• Provisions of the amendments: The amendments gives a loan defaulting company explicit authority over the distribution of proceeds of an auction in the resolution process.

With reference to the IBC, it has fixed a firm timeline of 330 days for resolving cases.


Reliance Jio overtakes Vodafone-Idea network and became India's Largest Telecom Operator

• Reliance Jio overtook Vodafone-Idea to become India's leading telecom operator. While the monthly subscriber report from the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).The news comes from data collated off the quarterly financial reports furnished by Bharti Airtel, Reliance Jio and Vodafone-Idea, India's three leading telecom operators.

• Bharti Airtel disclosed through TRAI its user base of 320.4 million users while enduring a rough quarter of high subscriber churn rate (subscribers unsubscribing from the network against new subscriptions). Jio's recently disclosed Q1 FY20 financial report showed 331.3 million subscribers in its network.

• Vodafone-Idea's financial report for the same quarter, it has come to light that the operator group lost 14.1 million in Q1 FY20, declining from the industry-topping 334.1 million subscribers as of March 2019, to stand at 320 million subscribers.


DD News channel bagged Champions of Empathy Award

• DD News(Doordarshan)news channel of India awarded “Champions of Empathy Award” The award is given for spreading awareness about hepatitis. Mayank Agrawal, Director General of DD News received the Award from Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla.The main responsibility of DD News is make people aware about various diseases and preventions by showing health-related programs, reports, and policies that help to spread awareness towards health in society.

• Hepatitis:

Hepatitis name has derived from the Greek word ‘Hepar’ meaning liver and ‘itis’ means inflammation. It is a medical condition in which inflammation occurs in liver cells and its complications vary with the type of infection. It is mostly caused by a group of viruses called hepatitis viruses. There are 5 types of hepatitis namely. A, B, C, D, and E. Each type is caused by a different hepatitis virus.


Indian Federation of Sports Gaming appoints Justice A.K. Sikri as ombudsman

• Indian Federation of Sports Gaming (IFSG), country’s self-regulatory industry body for the online fantasy sports gaming sector announced the appointment of Justice Arjan Kumar Sikri as its ombudsman and ethics officer.

• Justice A.K. Sikri responsible for investigating queries/complaints raised by the users of the online fantasy sports gaming platforms. The strategic council, resolve disputes brought forward regarding binding rules or financial discrepancies as well as steer hearings and make announcements for smooth operation and ease of functioning.

• Sikri served as a former judge of the Supreme Court of India and was recently appointed as a judge in the Singapore International Commercial Court. Justice Sikri several eminent positions. He retired as a senior-most judge of the Supreme Court of India on 6 March 2019. He has also served as a Justice of the Punjab and Haryana High Court and Acting Justice of the High Court of Delhi.


Tamil Nadu girl won gold medal in World Deaf Youth Badminton Championship

• Tamil Nadu girl Jerlin Anika won the gold medal in the World Deaf Youth Badminton Championships.The competition is held in Taipei last week.

• Anika bagged four medals in the championship, including the gold, two silver, and one bronze. Anika is a tenth standard student in the Avvaiyar government in Madurai.

• The daughter's performance is a matter of pride for India and Tamil Nadu. It is a matter of pride for Tamil Nadu. The main reason behind her success is the support extended by her school and the efforts put in by her coach Saravanan.

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Important Current Affairs of 30th July


Indian Navy ship LCU L56 was commissioned into the Indian Navy at Visakhapatnam.

• Indian Navy ship LCU L56 was commissioned into the Indian Navy at Visakhapatnam on 29 July. It was commissioned by Vice Admiral Atul Kumar Jain, Eastern Naval Command. LCU L56 is the sixth ship of the MK IV class ships.

About LCU L56:

The LCU L56 vessel will be used for transportation, deployment and recovery of main battle tanks, armoured vehicles, troops and equipment from ship to shore and vice-versa. LCU L56 would be administered and based in Port Blair under the Naval Component Commander (NAVCC) in Andaman and Nicobar Command (ANC). The measurement of the ship is 62 metres in length. It is fitted with two MTU diesel engines. These engines provides a sustainable speed of over 15 knots.

The ship was built by the Garden Reach Shipbuilders and Engineers Ltd (GRSE), Kolkata. This is the 100th warship built by GRSE. The ship will be used for various purpose like: beaching operations, disaster relief operations, search and rescue missions, coastal patrol, and surveillance operations along the Andaman and Nicobar Group of Islands.


India and Mozambique signed two MoU to strengthen the Defence co operation.

• India and Mozambique signed two Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) at Maputo, Mozambique during the visit by Indian Defence Minister Rajnath Singh from 28 July to 30 July 2019. This is the first time that an Indian Defence Minister has visited Mozambique.

It agreement aims to strengthen the defence cooperation on 29 July.

The MoUs included:

♦ an agreement on sharing white shipping information

♦ another on cooperation in the field of Hydrography

The MoUs were signed by Indian Defence Minister Rajnath Singh and his Mozambican counterpart Atanasio Salvador M'tumuke.


The aim of the MoU is to strengthen the ongoing Indo-Mozambican Defence co-operation. India shares close relations with Mozambique. The relationship between the countries was cemented by robust development partnership and a large presence of the Indian Diaspora. This agreement aims to prevent non-traditional threats like piracy, smuggling, poaching, etc. and overall cooperation in the maritime domain. Mozambique sought co-operation from India to deal with the growing menace of terrorism and radicalization.


World Day Against Trafficking in Persons: 30 July

• Human trafficking is a crime that exploits women, children and men for numerous purposes including forced labour and sex.

• Since 2003 the UN Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) has collected information on about 225,000 victims of trafficking detected worldwide.

•  Globally countries are detecting and reporting more victims, and are convicting more traffickers. This can be the result of increased capacity to identify victims and/or an increased number of trafficked victims.


Dalilah Muhammad set new world record in the 400m hurdles womens athletics at the U.S. Championships athletics

• American Athlete Dalilah Muhammad set new world record in the400m hurdles women’s athletics at the U.S. Championships athletics on 28 July. She colcked 52.20sec. The previous world record was set at 52.34 sec by Russia’s Yuliya Pechonkina in 2003.

• Other Winners:

Women’s 3,000m steeplechase:

Emma Coburn won first and clocked 9min 25.63 seconds.

Women's 200m:

Noah Lyles came first in the 200m and clocked 19.78sec. Christian Coleman came second and clocked 20.02. Ameer Webb was third in 20.45 in 100 m.

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Important Current Affairs 29th July


Indian President Ram Nath Kovind is to visit three nations in the West African region.

• Indian President Ram Nath Kovind is to visit three nations in the West African region. His tour to the countries began on 28 July. He has become the first Indian head of state to visit West African nation Benin. He will visit the Gambia and Guinea. Until now, no Indian head of state has yet visited the places.  Kovind is visiting to improve India's ties with the western nations.


The President's tour is to recast India's ties with Africa. It aims for a major growth pole and a major source of resources.

Kovind to visit 3 African Countries:

On 28 July, Kovind started his visit with Benin. It is one of India’s key trading partners in West Africa.

After visiting Benin, he will be visiting Gambia. New Delhi has extended several Lines of Credit to Gambia, including $6.7 million in 2006 for a tractor assembly plant, approximately $27 million for construction of National Assembly Building Complex.

After that visit, he will be visiting Guinea. In 1960-1980, India was an influential country in Africa as India supported independence and decolonization in the continent.

Previous visits:

As India focused on closer ties with developed economies for investments and technology, Benin's President Boni Yayi visited New Delhi for the third India-Africa Summit in October 2015.

Benin’s current President Patrice Talon visited India to Attend  annual Meeting of African Development Bank (ADB) held in Ahmedabad in May 2017.


Pro Ahaetulla antique, 26 million years old species of Vine snake found in the southern  Western GhatsResearchers from Indian Institute of Science(IISc), Bengaluru discovered new vine snake species named Pro Ahaetulla antique (member of the Ahaetuliinae family) evolved around 26 million years ago in the southern Western Ghats.

The common name suggested for these individuals is ‘keeled vine snake’.

Vine snakes get their names due to their slender bodies and vine-like appearances.

There are 4 species of commonly distributed vine snakes, and another one was discovered in Odisha recently in India

This research report has been published in the journal PLOS ONE in collaboration with researchers from Chennai Snake Park, Chennai, and Bombay Natural History Society, Mumbai.

The study was funded by the Department of Biotechnology(DBT), Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC), DBT-IISc Partnership Programme and the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund.


Apple to acquire Intels smartphone modem business for a transaction value of $1 billion.

• Apple announced the acquisition of chip-maker Intel's smartphone modem business for $1 billion.

There are around 2,200 Intel employees will join Apple along with intellectual property, equipment and leases, the Cupertino-based iPhone.

The transaction is expected to close in the fourth quarter of 2019.

This agreement us to focus on developing technology for the 5G network while retaining critical intellectual property and modem technology that our team has created.

Apple will hold over 17,000 wireless technology patents, ranging from protocols for cellular standards to modem architecture and modem operation. Intel will retain the ability to develop modems for non-smartphone applications, such as PCs, internet-of-things devices and autonomous vehicles. Johny Srouji, Apple's senior vice president of Hardware Technologies said that Apple is excited to have excellent engineers to join its growing cellular technologies group.

Apple has been working on its own chips for quite some time.

Intel's technology could help the iPhone maker accelerate its plans.

Apple may have paid chip-maker Qualcomm somewhere between $5 billion-$6 billion for an agreement to dismiss all ongoing litigations, including those with Apple's contract manufacturers.

Intel working on a chipset for the iPhone maker, with the chip expected to be part of iPhones by 2020.


World Hepatitis Day was observed on 28 July.

• World Hepatitis Day was observed on 28 July every year. The Day aims to raise awareness about the disease which causes inflammation of the liver. The day has been observed since 2010. Study says that the disease claims around 1.4 million lives every year.  In 2004, the Patient groups of European and Middle Eastern observed the day as International Hepatitis C Awareness Day. The first World Hepatitis Day was observed in 2008. It was declared by the World Hepatitis Alliance. But in May 2010, the World Health Assembly changed the day to 28 July.

A study by the World Health Organization (WHO) said that the second major killer infectious disease is Hepatitis, first being tuberculosis.


The 2019 theme for the day is 'Invest in eliminating hepatitis'. The theme is fixed by the World Health Organization every year. This year the World Hepatitis Day was hosted by Pakistan. All the global events related to the day were held in Islamabad on 27-28 July, 2019.


Hepatitis is an inflammatory condition caused by the viral infection caused in liver. The disease is also caused by the use of drugs, toxins, alcohol. Hepatitis is preventable and treatable. Nearly 80% of the people who are affected by Hepatitis still lack prevention, testing, and treatment services. Hepatitis is of A,B,C,D,E types.


Former Union Minister S Jaipal Reddy passed away on 28 July.

• The Congress leader and former Union Minister S Jaipal Reddy, 77, passed away on July 28. He was suffering from pneumonia.

Jaipal's Career:

S Jaipal Reddy was a five-time member of Lok Sabha, four-time MLA and two-time Rajya Sabha member. He was known for his oratory skills. He held the petroleum portfolio but was shifted to science and technology. In 1977, the former Minister quit the Congress in protest against former prime minister Indira Gandhi’s imposition of the Emergency. In 1998, in IK Gujral cabinet he served as a Union Minister for Information and Broadcasting. After 21 years in 1999 he returned to Indian National Congress, he was elected as a Union Minister for the Ministry of Earth Sciences and the Ministry of Science and Technology from 29 October 2012 to 18 May 2014.

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